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“The two Chicamacomico settlements of scattered houses are each nearly a mile in length, and are separated by a high, bald sand beach of about the same length which was once heavily wooded; but the wind has blown the sand into the forest and destroyed it.  A wind-mill in each village raised its weird arms to the breeze.”                 Nathanial Bishop 1878
Just as divided as Chicamacomico became was the chasm formed between two prevailing opinions for the location of Camp Live Oak.  Rarely ever were historical investigations approached with only a dichotomous argument to be resolved. Instead, usually, several possibilities had to be examined for their authenticity and accuracy. Seldom were investigations concerned with only two distinct alternatives; right or left, North or South, Rodanthe or Waves. Without exception, the camp’s recorded characteristics described Waves, while Rodanthe had but a common few. Every citation of the literature or detail on maps, charts and in artwork of the period was accounted for in the southern village.  
From this and more, Covey easily and confidently deduced the Union camp must have been in present-day Waves; not his home town of Rodanthe as espoused by others. In this body of work are many of the twenty-plus supporting facts that substantiated this hypothesis and almost as many that trumped the alternative view. Archaeology was but one of many tools this writer used. When objectively attempted in the past, it typically yielded conclusive results, in contrast to what resulted from the limited Babits, et al effort. However, because of a preponderance of supportive material, knowledge and insight acquired from this quest, it grew wearisome to continually debate what others may have perceived or contended to be history. For at least one opinion, it was past time to let the evidence speak for itself. 

Read Covey's:

A Continuing Conflict for

Chicamacomico's Camp Live Oak
Available in two formats:

Exhibit 21 –  Latitude & Longitude additions to Coastal Survey T–367. Multiple latitude lines north of Windmill marked five various attempts to determine the 36th parallel on the 1852 Survey (Camp No Live Oak’s vicinity). 

Mel Covey

A Continuing Conflict

can be read in two different formats:

PDF - 20MB(258 pages basic web resolution) 


High resolution e-book

A Continuing Conflict for Chicamacomico's Camp Live Oak  By Mel Covey


An assortment of articles applicable to the topic:

July 2014             What Happened to the Gold? 

April 2014            NC Historian finds Union Civil War Camp

December 2013  Has Hatteras Island found a significant Civil War-era fort in Waves?

April 2012           Dig for Civil War cannons at Hatteras Inlet ends in disappointment

July 2006            Diggers look for Lost Colony clues

August 1998       Civil War Sailors Beckon from the Grave